Extreme Heat

Heat Related Illness

  • Heat Cramps: caused by heavy sweating and loss of electrolytes.

    • Apply firm pressure on cramping muscles or gently massage to relieve spasm.
    • Give sips of water.
    • If nausea occurs, discontinue.
  • Heat Exhaustion: caused by dehydration, signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion are heavy perspiration, extreme thirst, damp or pale skin, fast heartbeat, drowsiness, fainting or collapsing.
    • Get victim to lie down in a cool place Loosen clothing and apply cool, wet cloths.
    • Fan or move victim to air-conditioned place.
    • Give sips of water.
    • If nausea occurs, discontinue.
    • If vomiting occurs, seek immediate medical attention.
  • Heat Stroke: caused by excess exposure to hot settings resulting in the body’s temperature controlling system failing. Signs and symptoms of heat stroke are elevated core body temperature, Absence of sweat, dry or hot skin, rapid heartbeat, chills, and unconsciousness.
    • Call TUPD or 911 or get victim to a hospital.
    • Move victim to cooler environment.
    • Try a cool bath or sponging to reduce body temperature.
    • Use extreme caution.
    • Remove clothing.
    • Use fans and/or air conditioners.

Preventing Heat Illness

  • Take frequent breaks in cooler shaded areas away from direct sunlight or in air-conditioned buildings
  • Implement controls that reduce heat burden such as providing shade or using fans for additional air movement
  • Drink ample amounts of cool water throughout the workday, avoid caffeinated or high sugar content beverages
  • Schedule strenuous work activities during cooler parts of the workday
  • Acclimatization: New workers should be allowed to adjust to high heat environments over 7 - 14 day period.
  • Personal protective equipment such as water-cooled garments and cooling vests are most effective when utilized during breaks.
  • Do not leave children or pets unattended in heat.
  • Stay indoor as much as possible.
  • Always check your backseat for passengers before getting out of your car.

National Weather Service Heat Alerts

  • Heat Advisory: the forecasted heat index is higher than 108F or the forecasted temperature is higher than 103F for 1 to 2 days. 
  • Excessive Heat Warning: the forecasted heat index is higher than 113F or the forecasted temperature is higher than 105F for at least 2 days